I've received a lot of feedback to my previous blog entry. I stated there that I'm worried about the costs of breaking backwards compatibility in Python 3, and its cost to the Python community. I'm glad I received this feedback, because the topic bears a bit of attention.
There was a whole series of comments saying the transition cost wouldn't be as high as I estimated. More in the range of switching from Python 2.4 to Python 2.5, perhaps, someone said. I'm not sure what to say to that, just that I am surprised by this statement. Since Python 2.5 aims to be backwards compatible, and indeed most Python software previously written runs fine on Python 2.5, and this is explicitly not so with Python 3, it's like comparing apples and oranges to me.
I've also seen people say that we have been there in the past, during the transition of Python 1.x to Python 2.x, and that this turned out fine. I am not sure whether the people saying that were there at the time, but I was. Python 2.x did not break backwards compatibility with Python 1.x, and the transition between 1.5 and 2.0 in was smaller than some we have seen afterwards (new style classes in, if I have it correctly, 2.2).
My reference to the Perl 6 transition drew some voices from the Perl community. I was assuming Perl 6 was going to break backwards compatibility with Perl 5 in a bigger way than Python 3 is going to break backwards compatibility with Python 2, since their language is changing so much. That's only partially true: while the language changes, the plan has apparently always been to produce a runtime that runs both Perl 5 and Perl 6 code and provide module-level interoperability. I do not know how far this plan is along. It does make the Perl 6 transition less risky in that respect compared to Python 3.
I still figure the Perl 6 transition is very risky simply because it's been taking so very long, which is likely driving people to look for other languages in the mean time. Python 3, being less ambitious, hopefully is finalized more quickly than that.
I wonder whether a dual-runtime model is something that was considered for Python 3. You could then upgrade one module at the time. The maintenance burden to the language developers would be increased for a longer period. Since the language developers are increasing the maintenance burden of all developers using Python with Python 3, perhaps I am not too concerned about making the maintenance burden of the core developers a bit higher. :)
Now to respond to some points made by Brett Cannon in response to my worries:
"In the end it all doesn't matter. Python 2.x is not going anywhere, so even if Py3K turns out to be a flop Python will live on. But if Py3K does do well (and I expect it will in the end), Python will be better for it."
I am not worried about Python 3 turning out to be a flop. I'm worried about the disruption and costs it will cause to the community, flop or not.
I disagree strongly with the statement that "in the end it all doesn't matter". It does matter that all the Python code in the world is going to be broken on Python 3. It does matter that all Python developers are going to have to invest time and effort in transition. The risk that we end up with two python communities for a significant period, with all the confusion surrounding it, does matter.
There is a significant cost in doing this. I think the Python community can bear this cost. I am not sure whether the cost is worth the gain, but Guido thinks it's a good idea, and he does have enough credit with me to trust his judgement. I understand the attraction of cleaning up the language in a backwards incompatible fashion.
You, the core developers, are causing a huge risk to the Python community by splitting it asunder for a period of years, and increase the code maintenance costs of all Python developers significantly due to this transition. What I don't want to hear is "in the end it all doesn't matter". I want to hear is that you are aware of the trouble you're putting us all through and that it does matter. I want to hear that getting the transition plan right weighs heavily on your hearts.
The core developers should be fully aware of the very heavy cost of their plans. I hope they're going to do their utmost best to reduce this cost to a minimum. An expression of understanding of the gravity of the situation will put me far more at ease than saying the transition plan is "pretty damn good" and that you can simply continue to use Python 2.x for as long as you like anyway.